The Great Wall of China could be dated back to the 7th century B.C. When he united China, Emperor Qinshihuang had all the sections of Great Wall constructed in various kingdoms connected. That was the earliest shape of the 10,000-li Great Wall. Ming Dynasty launched major constructions on this basis to generate the important defense system in North China. The Great Wall stretching 10,000 li across the country was completed in about 2,000 years of construction. It is a long historical scroll by itself. Seen as the soul of the country and the backbone of the nation, the Great Wall has developed into a symbol of the Chinese national culture. It has penetrated into the hearts of all Chinese people.
Badaling Water Pass Great Wall, situated 40km to the northwest of downtown Beijing, is the eastern section of Badaling Great Wall. It was cut off because of the construction of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway, the first independently designed railway in the country. The Water Pass Great Wall, a relic of Ming Dynasty Great Wall, was supervised in construction about 400 years ago by Qi Jiguang, a famous general against Japanese invasion. The section of Great Wall, built at the Xiangukou, looked V shaped since the Water Gate Archery Tower. It extends along with the lie of mountains, as if to fly away like dragons and magic birds. The Archery Tower serves as a watchtower and water gate. Such an architectural mode is rarely seen in neighboring sections of Great Wall. Because of this, it is known as the Water Pass Great Wall. The Great Wall section is of great strategic importance. It rises and falls along with the mountains, exactly like a huge dragon. It traverses upon precipices, connecting castles, beacon sites and arrow battlements against all enemies. The Water Pass Great Wall, 6.8 kilometers long, sets out with the Chuan Zi Yi Hao tower in the east and ends with the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway, known for fanciful, dangerous, precipitous and solid shape.
Badaling Water Pass Great Wall, located in the central part of Guangou, boasts 72 scenic spots that scatter around like shining pearls. The Tanqin Gorge, Goldfish Pond, Stone Buddha Temple, and Camel Stone sites are found in an area of about 25,000 square meters, ideal for tourists to go sightseeing. The Great Wall is beautiful as pictures in all seasons. People may enjoy bright mountain flowers in full bloom in spring, lush growth of trees and grasses in summer, red leaves all over mountains in autumn, and white snow in winter. The scenery here has great charms, making it a remarkable place. You will be overcome with the greatness of the Chinese nation when observing blossoming mountain flowers fading along the Great Wall in spring. Go westward about 3,000 meters along the Great Wall, and you will see the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway, the first railway in the country, and the ΘΛ-shaped rails. You may pay your respect to the monument of Zhan Tianyou the designer to admire the graceful bearing of the great engineer. The Water Pass Great Wall was officially opened to the public in 1995. It has received over 10 million tourists. Michael Jordan, the famous basketball player, and F1 race driver Montoya paid visits to the Water Pass Great Wall. Andy Lau, a super-star from Hong Kong, took the Water Pass Great Wall as the backdrop for his music video Chinese People. The Water Pass Great Wall has increasingly become a first choice for tourists among Great Wall scenic spots.
Come and enjoy yourselves at the Water Pass Great Wall. It will present the 5,000-year history of the Chinese nation with its unique natural landscapes, quality service, and multi-layer knowledge. It will show the masterpieces best representing the wisdoms of the Chinese people in the ancient, modern and contemporary days, enabling you to fully appreciate the rich implications of the Chinese 5,000-year culture.